What Can Resource-Rich African Countries Learn from the Botswana Success Story?
Botswana has shown that mineral wealth can be positively utilized to sow seeds of development in other sectors. Despite its other challenges, Botswana’s unique development trajectory is considered to be Africa’s only resource success. Other resource-rich African countries can draw lessons from the example of Botswana to develop their natural resource sectors and avoid the resource curse. When Botswana became independent in 1966, it was one of the poorest countries on the continent, with the state relying heavily on foreign aid.