Lecture on geopolitical dynamics in the Horn of Africa calls for greater active engagement by regional powers
Dr. Mesfin’s presentation analyzed the interests of the global powers and the regional powers in the Horn of Africa amid a world in transition.
16 July 2018
On 28 June 2018, IPSS organized a lecture on the “Geopolitical Dynamics in the Horn of Africa” presented by Dr. Mesfin Gebremichael, Assistant Professor at IPSS. Dr. Mesfin’s presentation focused on the relationships and interactions of regional and global powers in the Horn of Africa geographical setting. He traced these relationships through history, from the Second World War and the collapse of the Soviet Union to liberalization and the free market to the emergency of globalization.
The lecture addressed the Horn of Africa (HoA) states (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia-Somaliland and Sudan), the nature of power under “the enemy of my enemy is my friend” politics and the “patron-client relationships” of state power with weak governance, all of which have challenged the region’s integration strategy.
The region has a large number of refugees and internally displaced people and suffers from environmental degradation (the Nile), terrorism (Somalia’s Al Shabaab), and maritime and energy insecurity (Gulf of Aden Bab el-Mandeb trade route).
International power interests in the Horn of Africa:
The lecture touched on the varied external interests in trade, aid and development from international powers such as China, USA, the European Union, India, Russia and Japan as well as regional powers like Saudi Arabia, UAE, Turkey, Iran and Egypt.
To view photos from the lecture, click here.